Dinámica poblacional y fidelidad de refugio de Carollia brevicauda (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) en un refugio artificial, en los Andes nororientales de Colombia
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Palabras clave

Fidelidad de refugio
refugio de maternidad
captura-recaptura
programa MARK
fisión-fusión

Cómo citar

Gutierrez-Sanabria, Diego R., y Diego J. Lizcano. 2022. «Dinámica Poblacional Y Fidelidad De Refugio De Carollia Brevicauda (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) En Un Refugio Artificial, En Los Andes Nororientales De Colombia». Mammalogy Notes 8 (1), 203. https://doi.org/10.47603/mano.v8n1.203.
Recibido 2021-01-27
Aceptado 2021-03-20
Publicado 2022-11-14

Resumen

Los refugios imponen presiones selectivas a los murciélagos. Los refugios proporcionan sitios de apareamiento, hibernación y crianza; promueven interacciones sociales, digestión de alimentos; y ofrecen protección contra el clima adverso y los depredadores. Por ende, tienen un papel importante en la ecología y evolución de estos mamíferos. En este trabajo se estudió la dinámica poblacional y fidelidad del murciélago Carollia brevicauda en un refugio artificial a lo largo de un año. Capturamos murciélagos con una trampa-arpa entre las 18:00 y 00:00 horas, con un esfuerzo de muestreo de 120 horastrampa y un total de 91 individuos marcados. Los resultados mostraron que la colonia permaneció con un número de individuos poco variable (15 ± 5) a lo largo del periodo de muestreo. La mayor fidelidad de las hembras (1.25 ± 0.17) en comparación con los machos (0.85 ± 0.12) sugiere que este refugio es usado como sitio de crianza. Análisis con el método de captura-recaptura, según el modelo de Cormack-Jolly-Seber, indican que la población es de 260 individuos. La tasa de recaptura fue baja indicando una alta movilidad de los individuos, que puede estar asociada a un comportamiento social fisión-fusión de grupo. Los datos sugieren que las hembras sincronizan la gestación para dar a luz en la época de lluvias cuando hay mayor disponibilidad de recursos alimenticios y que las construcciones humanas al tener características de refugios permanentes, ofrecen condiciones propicias para la reproducción y maternidad de esta especie.

https://doi.org/10.47603/mano.v8n1.203
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